This page will explain the DS-10 Birth Affidavit Passport Form. You may download the Birth Affidavit (Form DS-10) online. 

The U.S. Department of State requires proof of citizenship for all U.S. Passport Applications. This is usually your birth certificate or naturalization paperwork. If you do not have your birth certificate, see Missing Birth Certificate.

DS-10 Birth Affidavit Passport Form

PURPOSE: Submit a birth affidavit (with an application for a U.S. passport) when you cannot obtain an acceptable birth certificate despite having a birthplace in the United States.

With your affidavit, attach a notice from the appropriate authorities showing that no birth record exists, plus a photocopy of the front and back of your affiant’s ID.

DS-10 Birth Affidavit Passport FormSomeone who has personal knowledge of your birth in the United States may complete the Birth Affidavit (Form DS-10) on your behalf to prove your U.S. citizenship.

Generally, this can be an older blood relative, the attending physician, or anyone with personal knowledge of your birth.

Also, you may submit a birth affidavit along with your other birth records. Also, you need to have the form notarized and include details about how the individual knows you were born in the United States.

NOTE: Importantly, Passport Services will retain your affidavit, so be sure to make a request for copies of this affidavit at the time of execution.


More on the Birth Affidavit for Passport DS-10

  • A DS-10 Birth Affidavit Passport Form is one way to prove U.S. citizenship.
  • A birth affidavit is a secondary form of evidence for U.S. citizenship.
  • Finally, you can submit it to establish your citizenship along with your early public records. This applies only if you cannot find or do not have your long-form birth certificate.

How to Submit the Passport Form DS-10

You will not complete the DS-10 Birth Affidavit Passport Form. You’ll submit it with your other documents at the passport acceptance facility.

See our Instructional Checklist for more information on the documents and process for your passport.

Also, you’ll need to submit documents that confirm no birth record exists, plus a photocopy of the front and back of the ID of your affiant.

Details on Early Public Records

Important to realize, the DS-10 Birth Affidavit Passport Form alone is not acceptable evidence of U.S. citizenship.

Accordingly, you must submit the DS-10 Birth Affidavit Passport Form with your early public records to establish citizenship.

Early public records are publicly available documents with your name, birthdate and place of birth, such as baptismal certificates, hospital birth certificates, census records, early school records, family bible records, and doctor’s records of post-natal care.

If you have any questions, please contact us via our Passport Help Desk.

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