Proof of citizenship is required for all U.S. Passport Applications. This is usually your birth certificate or naturalization paperwork. If you do not have your birth certificate, you can refer to our Missing Birth Certificate Page.


This page will explain the DS-10 Birth Affidavit Passport Form. Download the DS-10 birth affidavit here.

DS-10 Birth Affidavit Passport Form

PURPOSE A birth affidavit should be submitted (with an application for a U.S. passport) when an acceptable birth certificate cannot be obtained for a person born in the United States. The affidavit must be accompanied by a notice from the appropriate authorities indicating that no birth record exists, and a photocopy of the front and back side of the affiant’s identification. A birth affidavit may also be submitted in conjunction with other birth records. A birth affidavit must be made by an individual who has personal knowledge of the facts of the birth of the applicant whose birth in the United States is to be proved. The affidavit shall state briefly how the affiant’s knowledge was acquired. It is preferred that the affidavit be made by an older blood relative, although it may be made by the attending physician, or any other person who has personal knowledge of the birth. Completed affidavits will be retained by Passport Services. Requests for copies of this affidavit should be made at the time of execution.


Birth Affidavit for Passport DS-10

A DS-10 Birth Affidavit Passport Form is one way to help prove U.S. citizenship. A birth affidavit is considered a secondary form of evidence of U.S. citizenship. It can be submitted to help establish your citizenship when it is submitted along with early public records. This is only if you cannot find or do not have your long form birth certificate.

How is the Passport Form DS-10 Submitted?

The DS-10 Birth Affidavit Passport Form is not completed by the applicant. It is submitted with your other documents at the acceptance agent. Please refer to the Instructional Checklist for more information on the documents and process for the passport type you need. The form is completed by someone who has personal knowledge about the applicant’s birth in the United States, therefore proving citizenship. The form must be notarized and include information about how the person completing the affidavit knows the applicant was born in the United States. It should be completed by a blood relative whenever possible and accompanied by documentation confirming no birth record exists. The form must also be accompanied by a photocopy of the front and back of the identification of the person completing the affidavit.


Early Public Records Explained

The DS-10 Birth Affidavit Passport Form is not acceptable evidence of U.S. citizenship. The DS-10 Birth Affidavit Passport Form  must be submitted with early public records to establish U.S. citizenship. Early public records are publicly available documents that show the applicant’s name, birthdate and place of birth. This includes but is not limited to Baptismal certificates, Hospital birth certificates, Census records, Early school records, Family bible records, and Doctor’s records of post-natal care.


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